Migraines are severe, recurring, and painful headaches. They can be preceded or accompanied by sensory warning signs and other symptoms. The extreme pain that migraines cause can last for hours or even days. They affect 36 million Americans, or approximately 12 percent of the population. Migraines can follow an aura of sensory disturbances followed by a severe headache that often appears on one side of the head. They tend to affect people aged 15 to 55 years.
Fast facts on migraines:
Some people who experience migraines can clearly identify triggers or factors that cause the headaches, such as allergies, light, and stress.
Some people get a warning symptom before the start of the migraine headache.
Many people with migraine can prevent a full-blown attack by recognizing and acting upon the warning signs.
Over-the-counter (OTC) medications can eliminate or reduce pain, and specific medications can help some people with migraine.
People who have severe attacks can take preventive medicines.