Voice problems usually include pain or discomfort when you speak or difficulty controlling the pitch, loudness, or quality of your voice.
As you exhale, air gently passes through your throat, across your open vocal cords, and out your mouth and nose. When you speak, your vocal cords camera.gif close partially as air travels through them, causing vibrations and the unique sound of your voice. Your voice is the result of remarkable and complex interactions involving several body parts-especially the lungs, voice box (larynx), and mouth. Damage to any of these body parts can lead to a voice problem.
What causes voice problems?
Anyone can develop a voice problem, but your risk is greatest if your job puts a high demand on your vocal cords. For example, singers, speakers, and teachers have high-risk jobs. Ageing also strains the vocal cords. If you scream or talk loudly, you increase your risk for voice problems. If you have ever had surgery on or near your vocal cords, are a smoker, or have had throat cancer, your risk for developing scar tissue and future voice problems increases as well.